Amaranth bread recipe

 

I’ve finally got hold of amaranth! After putting down my thoughts on healthy bread last week, I wanted to dedicate this week’s post to another health-related topic and highlight the benefits of the nutritious amaranth plant, its seeds and flour. The amaranth plant, once a staple of the Aztec and Inca diet, produces seeds packed full of protein and nutrients. Amaranth seeds contain even more protein than oats and are brimming with iron, calcium, vitamin B, magnesium and zinc. This is therefore another healthy bread recipe for the start of the year; my amaranth bread recipe based on long fermentation, enhanced in its nutritional value by added pumpkin seeds and walnuts.

Amaranth bread
Amaranth bread

Baking with amaranth flour and seeds

Amaranth is a member of the Chenopodiaceae family of plants which means it’s a relative of beets, spinach and quinoa. For this reason, some of its nutritional characteristics are more related to these vegetables than cereal grain foods, which are members of an entirely different plant family.

  • The word ‘Amaranth’ is derived from the Greek term ‘amarantos’ meaning ‘unwithering’. Amaranth is also known as ‘Love-Lies-Bleeding’ due to its brightly coloured flowery head.

Amaranth flour recipes

Both amaranth seeds and flour can be used for baking. Due to its mild, nutty flavour amaranth flour produces relatively plain breads and I’ve enhanced my amaranth bread recipe with both pumpkin seeds and walnuts. If you fancy a quicker recipe, try these crackers for a healthy snack. I’ve seen the amaranth flavour described as ‘lightly reminiscent of corn with grassy tones’ which I think is pretty much spot on.

Amaranth Seed recipes

Amaranth is quite versatile and can be simmered like other grains. It has a porridge-like texture and goes well with curry dishes. If you are growing the plant, you can even use the green leaves as an addition to your curry or salad. I’ve also used amaranth to prepare healthy salads and it works well. Alternatively, you can make a dessert by using amaranth seeds to prepare a fruity amaranth pudding.

Where to buy amaranth?

I got the amaranth flour and seeds from BuyWholefoodsOnline.co.uk, which has proven to be a brilliant source for high quality whole foods difficult to find elsewhere.

The individual products sourced were:

Amaranth sourdough bread
Amaranth sourdough bread

Amaranth bread
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5 from 7 votes

Amaranth bread recipe

My amaranth bread recipe includes 20% amaranth flour (based on overall flour content) and an additional portion of amaranth porridge made from amaranth seeds and water. It is therefore not a pure amaranth flour bread recipe, but using around 20% amaranth flour in a loaf of bread will provide a good texture and the amaranth taste will come through nicely.
Prep Time 1 day 8 hours
Cook Time 50 minutes
Total Time 1 day 8 hours 50 minutes
Calories 219kcal

Ingredients

Amaranth bread ingredients

    Sourdough

    • 30 g rye sourdough starter at 100% hydration
    • 75 g wholemeal flour
    • 75 g water

    Seed and Nut Soaker

    • 50 g chopped walnuts
    • 50 g chopped pumpkin seeds
    • 80 g water

    Amaranth Seed Porridge

    • 80 g amaranth seeds
    • 160 g water

    Main dough

    • 450 g strong white bread flour
    • 110 g amaranth flour
    • 325 g water
    • 12 g salt

    Dusting

    • Some extra flour I use rice flour

    Instructions

    How to make amaranth bread

      Day 1

      • Combine the sourdough ingredients in a medium bowl, cover and set aside at room temperature for 16 - 24 hours.
      • Dry-roast the chopped walnuts and pumpkin seeds until fragrant, then add 80g of boiling water to soak. Cover and set aside at room temperature for 16 - 24 hours.

      Day 2

      • Toast the amaranth seeds in a small pan until they become aromatic and light brown. Add the water and bring to a low simmer. The amaranth should soften in about 15 minutes and the water should evaporate by then. If it dries before the seeds are ready, add more water as needed. Remove from the heat to cool when done.
      • In a large bowl, combine 150g of the refreshed sourdough starter (the rest should be set aside for your next bake), the amaranth seed porridge and the main dough ingredients to form a dough.
      • Knead for at least 10 minutes until you have formed an elastic and smooth dough.
      • Add the seed and nut soaker from day 1 and kneed for a further few minutes. The dough will be slightly sticky, so work with your dough scraper to help things along.
      • Place back into the bowl, cover and leave to rest for about an hour or two at room temperature until you can see the dough has risen slightly.
      • Deflate the dough and give it another quick knead on your work surface.
      • Shape into a loaf, cover with flour in a flour bath and place into a lightly floured proving basket.
      • Cover with a polythene bag to protect the moisture and prove at room temperature. In my wintery Edinburgh kitchen, this process takes a good 6 or 7 hours. However, if your kitchen is warmer, the process may be much shorter.
      • Preheat the oven to 220°C and preheat your baking dome or Dutch oven at the same time.
      • Turn out the loaf onto the baking dome or Dutch oven (or otherwise a baking stone or baking tray lined with baking paper).
      • Score the top with a pattern of your choice. Use a scoring knife for best results.
      • Bake at 220°C for 10 minutes and at 200°C for a further 40 minutes.
      • Take off the lid of your baking dome or Dutch oven for the last 10 minutes if using to firm up the crust.
      • Cool on a wire rack.
      • Enjoy an amazing loaf of amaranth sourdough bread 🙂

      Nutrition

      Calories: 219kcal
      Amaranth bread recipe
      Amaranth bread loaf

      If you’d like to make this amaranth bread recipe without the use of pumpkin seeds and walnuts, you can simply omit the seed and nut soaker ingredients as well as step 4 above.

      Healthy whole grain bread recipe

       

      New Year’s resolutions abound and healthier living and eating aspirations are plentiful with the beginning of the New Year. I’m hoping that for many, a healthier bread diet constitutes part of their New Year’s resolutions. For you special people, I have put together a healthy bread recipe to get you on the right track. If you are in an energetic, I-will-eat-better-in-2017 phase right now, give it a go!

      Healthy Bread Recipe
      Healthy Bread Recipe

      What constitutes healthy bread?

      Here is my checklist for the make-up of a healthy bread.

      • Organic ingredients

        As beautifully described by Andrew Whitley in the book Bread Matters (see page 43), “when we choose a loaf of bread,… we can also choose how its basic ingredient is grown. We can opt for bread made with organic flour, milled from wheat grown in soil kept fertile by compost, crop rotation and green manures… Bread’s roots are in the soil.”

      “In bread we gain access to the vitality of the seed.”
      Andrew Whitley

      • Naturally leavened

        The process of slow fermentation and using sourdough makes the nutrients in wheat flour more available for digestion and the simple sugars less available, which helps with blood sugar control, particularly for people with Diabetes.

      • Wholemeal flour

        White flour is made from heavily refined and processed wheat grains, while wholemeal flour is made from grains that have not undergone heavy processing. Wholemeal and white flours differ in their nutritional value, with wholemeal containing additional fibre and vitamin content as well as a lower GI (Glycaemic Index) value.

      • Whole grains

        For the same reasons, I like to add whole grains to my healthy bread recipes. While wholemeal flour undergoes some processing, whole grains are as good as it gets when it comes to adding cereal into your bread; they come with lots of fibre, minerals, vitamins and antioxidants.

      • Seeds

        Seeds contain protein, essential fats, dietary fibre and micronutrients and I particularly like adding sunflower seeds to bread. Toasted, they taste amazing and add significant amounts of vitamin E, magnesium and selenium.

      • Spices

        Bread spices such as fennel, coriander, caraway and anise seeds provide properties which are beneficial to the digestive system and plenty of flavour. Take a look at my post on bread spices and prepare a batch for your next bake.

      • No sugar

        Baking breads at home allows you to avoid hidden sugars found in some shop-bought loaves. Read my post about sugar-free baking for additional information.

      • DOn’t let ‘Gluten-free’ deceive you

        Gluten-free bread isn’t ‘a healthier option’ if you don’t suffer from coeliac disease or other gluten-related disorders. The majority of flours and starches used to make gluten-free breads are high glycaemic with little fibre. Shop-bought varieties often contain certain industrial type binders such as xanthan gum which is highly processed and far away from the basic ingredients (flour, water, salt) of bread. If there is no medical reason for eating gluten-free, I would discourage you from seeking gluten-free bread options for health reasons. Healthy bread is based on natural ingredients and slow fermentation – rarely something connected to gluten-free nor supermarket-bought breads.

      Baking Sourdough Bread: The Traditional Art of Sourdough
      Source: Fix.com Blog

      Healthy bread recipe

      Here’s my healthy bread recipe for your new healthier lifestyle! As per my notes above, use organic ingredients throughout.

      Healthy Bread
      Healthy Bread

      First of all, a summary of all ingredients for my healthy bread recipe:

      • 50g rye sourdough starter (make from scratch or use a starter you have previously prepared)
      • 250g wholemeal wheat flour
      • 50g cracked rye kernels
      • 175g wholemeal rye flour
      • 100g sunflower seeds
      • 10g salt
      • 1 tsp coriander seeds and 1 tsp fennel seeds, crushed
      • 415g water
      • A splash of sunflower oil
      Healthy whole grain bread
      Healthy whole grain bread

      How to bake my healthy whole grain bread

      If you don’t already have a sourdough starter, start by preparing this from scratch. Follow my guide to make a rye sourdough starter – with all organic ingredients. You’ll only need to complete this process once, so don’t be put off by it taking a few days to complete. It’s worth it! I’ve had my starter since January 2012 and have not looked back since.

      Day 1

      Step 1 – Refresh your sourdough starter

      • In a medium bowl, combine 50g of your rye sourdough starter with 50g wholemeal wheat flour, 50g cracked rye kernels and 100g water.
      • Cover with a lid or plastic foil and leave to stand at room temperature for 12 to 14 hours.

      Step 2 – Prepare the seed and grain soaker

      • Dry roast 100g sunflower seeds in a frying pan releasing the wonderful nutty flavours.
      • Place the toasted seeds in a bowl and cover with 125g boiling water.
      • Cover and leave to rest at room temperature for 12 to 14 hours.

      Day 2

      Step 3 – Prepare the production dough

      Combine the following ingredients in a large bowl and form into a dough

      • 200g of your refreshed starter mixture from day 1 (the rest goes back into the fridge for your next bake)
      • The sunflower seed soaker from day 1
      • 200g wholemeal wheat flour
      • 175g wholemeal rye flour
      • 160g water
      • 10g salt
      • 1 tsp coriander seeds and 1 tsp fennel seeds, crushed

      Knead for 10 minutes, then place the dough back into the large bowl, cover with a lid and leave to rest for about an 1 hour at room temperature.

      Step 4 – Prove the dough

      • Once rested, give the dough another quick knead.
      • Prepare a loaf tin for baking and lightly oil the tin using sunflower oil and a baking brush.
      • Prove for several hours at room temperature until the loaf has risen well.

      Step 5 – Bake

      • Preheat the oven to 220°C.
      • Bake for 10 minutes at 220°C and a further 40 minutes at 180°C.
      • Cool on a wire rack.

      I’m in good company with my healthy whole grain bread recipe this month. Check out the healthy breads that my fellow #BreadBakers have baked:

      #BreadBakers is a group of bread loving bakers who get together once a month to bake bread with a common ingredient or theme. You can see all our of lovely bread by following our Pinterest board right here. Links are also updated after each event on the #BreadBakers home page.

      We take turns hosting each month and choosing the theme/ingredient. If you are a food blogger and would like to join us, just send Stacy an email with your blog URL to foodlustpeoplelove@gmail.com.

      BreadBakers

      Walnut sourdough bread

       

      For this year’s annual Christmas lunch get-together, I contributed the starter. With a main course of venison stew, I opted for a puy lentil, parsnip and walnut salad with walnut sourdough bread. It proved to be a winning combination, so I wanted to share both the walnut sourdough bread recipe and a link to the salad for a bit of festive lunch inspiration.

      Walnut sourdough bread
      Walnut sourdough bread

      Out of all nuts, I love walnuts the most and this connection goes back a long way. Allow me to reminisce! Growing up in a small Austrian village, my grandparents had an old mighty walnut tree in their garden. With a trunk measuring a good two metres in circumference, the tree had been there for many decades.

      In the summer, its strong branches and plentiful leaves provided shade to playful afternoons, the sunlight creating magical patterns. In the autumn, when the tree dropped its first fruits (still green and earthy), I would get excited about the nuts being ripe. As soon as they were ready for picking, I relished cracking them open and enjoying the delicate and moist walnuts. So fresh, I was able to simply rub off the skin.

      Tasting walnuts as fresh as this – right from the tree and before they have been dried – is a truly unique taste experience!

      Unfortunately, that tree was cut down many years ago and while some new walnut trees are growing nearby, none has been able to live up to this mighty old tree yet.

      Walnut sourdough bread recipe

      My walnut sourdough bread is a simple variation of my easy sourdough recipe. Walnuts are added after the initial rise.

      Make sure you have a proving basket and La Cloche baking dome at the ready for an extra good-looking bake.

      Walnut bread
      Walnut bread

      Sourdough

      • 30g starter
      • 50g wholemeal wheat flour
      • 50g water

      Main dough

      • 100g of your new leaven
      • 400g white bread flour
      • 50g rye flour
      • 11g salt
      • 280g water
      • 100g walnuts, toasted in the oven for about 8 minutes

      How to make walnut sourdough bread

      Follow the instructions of my easy sourdough recipe and just add the toasted walnuts during step 6. Work the nuts into the dough until evenly distributed.

      Puy lentil, parsnip and walnut salad recipe

      To be found over at Jamie Oliver’s site… follow this link for the recipe.

      Merry Christmas baking!

      Grünkern (green spelt) bread recipe

       

      Browsing the local delights of the organic grocery store in my home town in Austria, I picked up a bag of Grünkern. The greenish grains looked pretty and unique on the shelf! Grünkern grains are unripe spelt kernels cultivated predominantly in Southern Germany. Although mainly used for soups and vegetarian burgers, I wanted to incorporate some of this unique green spelt grain in a sourdough Grünkern bread.

      Grünkern sourdough
      Grünkern sourdough bread

      What is Grünkern?

      Grünkern (German for ‘green kernel’) is spelt, harvested when green, in the dough stage of ripening, and then dried. Historically, harvesting spelt so early and before it reaches its full ripeness was a reaction to periods of adverse weather, which destroyed crops and resulted in poor harvests. It was a way to prevent crop failure.

      Grünkern
      Grünkern

      The green spelt grains are harvested when the starch isn’t fully developed and the kernels are still soft and juicy at about 50% moisture content. Grains are dried over a beechwood fire or in hot air dryers – right down to a moisture content of 10 to 13%. Once dried, the outer husk is removed. Have a look at gruenkern.de for more information around the harvesting process, then and now.

      The dried green spelt kernels smell aromatic and a little bit like fresh hay. The aroma remains uniquely pleasant and hearty when cooked with water, so it became a tradition to harvest a portion of the spelt as Grünkern. Grünkern doesn’t tend to be milled and is typically available as whole grains or chopped grains.

      If this sounds similar to another grain, Freekeh, then you are right. Freekeh is also harvested green, then roasted. The difference? Freekeh is made from green unripe durum wheat and dates back to the ancient regions of Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria while Grünkern is made from spelt and is still mainly produced in Germany.

      How Grünkern was made

      Watch these videos showcasing the Grünkern harvest back in the 1970s in Germany.

      Where to buy Grünkern in the UK?

      I’ve only seen Grünkern on Amazon in the UK. Unfortunately, other probable places such as Real Foods or Buy Whole Foods Online don’t seem to stock it.

      Grünkern bread recipe

      This recipe adds Grünkern to a wholemeal spelt sourdough loaf. Adding black treacle enhances the flavours, but you can easily leave out the treacle if you would like to taste the pure Grünkern flavours.

      Grünkern bread
      Grünkern bread

      Ingredients

      For the sourdough

      For the Grünkern soaker

      • 175g Grünkern
      • 350g water

      For the main dough

      • 220g spelt flour
      • 50g water
      • 14g salt
      • 1 tbsp malt extract

      How to bake Grünkern bread

      Day 1

      • Prepare the sourdough by combining your spelt starter with the spelt flour and water. Mix well in a bowl, cover with a lid and leave to stand at room temperature for 16 – 24 hours.
      • Combine Grünkern and water in a pan, cover and leave to soak overnight.

      Day 2

      • Drain the Grünkern and bring to a boil in a pan with 350g water. Simmer over a low heat for about 15 minutes. Drain any remaining water.
      • In a large bowl, combine 440g of the sourdough (the remaining 25g go back into the fridge for your next bake) with the main dough ingredients.
      • Form a dough and knead for 10 minutes.
      • Add the Grünkern to the dough and knead until evenly distributed.
      • Place the dough back into the bowl, cover and leave to rest for 1 hour at room temperature.
      • Prepare a baking tin (23 x 11 x 9.5 cm) by lightly oiling it. I use a silicone brush to do that.
      • Place the dough into the tin and prove for 2 – 4 hours depending on the temperature in your room. The dough should rise visibly, filling the tin to the top.
      • Preheat the oven to 250°C.
      • Place the baking tin on the second layer from bottom up and bake for 15 minutes, then bake for a further 25 minutes at 180°C and a final 10 minutes outside the tin at 180°C.
      • Cool on a wire rack.
      Grünkern spelt bread
      Grünkern spelt bread

      Basic white sourdough bread recipe

       

      It recently struck me that during all my years of sourdough baking, not once had I baked a pure white sourdough bread. I got stuck right into 100% rye sourdough baking, wholemeal spelt sourdough and wheat-rye combination breads. Yet, I hadn’t ever bothered with a basic white sourdough loaf. White sourdough bread is perhaps the most simplistic form of sourdough bread baking. This post is all about using only strong white wheat flour for a plain white loaf of sourdough.

      White Sourdough
      White Sourdough

      The additional motive for this post was that I will be hosting a Sourdough Toast Morning for this year’s Sourdough September event organised by the Real Bread Campaign in the UK.

      Friends will be invited for a Sunday morning filled with sourdough goodness, homemade jams, fresh avocados as well as cinnamon toast. I will be preparing different types of sourdough bread for my guests to taste. Wheat-rye combination sourdough, a seeded sourdough loaf, a soft sourdough milk bread. Plus, a basic white wheat sourdough will also be on offer. This is based on the assumption that the plain white sourdough loaf will be the ideal sourdough bread for ‘beginners’. I’m hoping all this sourdough amazingness will sell the taste and health benefits of slow fermentation baking to those not yet converted to the good stuff.

      So, here it is – a most basic and simplistic white wheat sourdough bread recipe. Sourdough amateur or connoisseur – I promise, you will like it!

      White sourdough bread
      White sourdough bread

      White sourdough bread recipe

      If you don’t have a sourdough starter yet, get started by making a wheat sourdough starter. If you have a rye or spelt sourdough starter already, you can use a small bit of either of these starters to base the white sourdough bread on. Due to the small amount of starter needed, you can easily go ahead with whatever sourdough starter you have. There will be minimal no-wheat contamination as you are only using 15g of other flour as part of the sourdough starter and this amounts to 3% of the total amount of flour used.

      White wheat sourdough
      White wheat sourdough

      White sourdough bread
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      5 from 2 votes

      White Sourdough Bread Recipe

      If you are new to sourdough baking, a white sourdough loaf is a good place to start.
      Author Pam

      Ingredients

      Ingredients

        For the wheat sourdough refresh

        • 30 g wheat sourdough starter at 100% hydration
        • 150 g strong white wheat bread flour
        • 150 g water

        For the main dough

        • 435 g strong white wheat bread flour
        • 260 g water
        • 9 g salt

        Instructions

        How to make white sourdough bread

        • On day 1, combine 30g wheat sourdough starter with 150g strong white wheat flour and 150g water. Mix well, cover and keep at room temperature for about 12 hours.
        • On day 2, combine 300g of the sourdough from earlier (the rest i.e. 30g of it goes back into the fridge for your next bake), 435g strong white bread flour, 260g water and 9g salt to form a dough and knead for 10 minutes.
        • Place the dough back into the bowl, cover with a lid or polythene bag and leave to rest for about 2 hours at room temperature until it has visibly expanded.
        • Punch down the dough, give it another quick knead, then shape it into a loaf and place seam-side up into a pre-floured proving basket. Cover with a polythene bag to prevent the dough from drying out.
        • I tend to prove my sourdough breads in the fridge overnight as it fits in better with my daily routine. Whether you're proving in the fridge (I proved the loaf for 24 hours) or at room temperature (the time it takes will vary and may take as little as 2 or up to 7 hours), make sure your sourdough loaf has almost doubled in size before you bake it.
        • I bake with a La Cloche baking dome for an extra crunchy crust and moist crumb. If you don't have a La Cloche baking dome, turn out the loaf onto a baking tray lined with baking paper once you have preheated the oven to 220°C. Bake for 10 minutes at 220°C and at 200°C for a further 30 minutes. If using the La Cloche, take off the domed lid for the final 10 minutes.
        • Cool on a wire rack and enjoy the deliciousness of this white sourdough loaf. It's great toasted too!

        How to make a wheat sourdough starter

         

        Make your own whole wheat sourdough starter. All you need is flour and water. There are really no excuses not to! Generally speaking, you don’t have to make a wheat starter if you already have a rye starter to hand. You can simply use the rye starter as a basis for a wheat refreshment if you wish. However, if you don’t have a rye starter or rye flour to hand, or you’d like to bake an all-wheat sourdough bread, you can quite easily prepare a wheat sourdough starter from scratch.

        Wheat sourdough starter wholemeal
        Wheat sourdough starter wholemeal

        This is based on Andrew Whitley’s step-by-step guides in his books Bread Matters and Do Sourdough – Slow Bread For Busy Lives.

        Wheat sourdough starter
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        5 from 1 vote

        Wheat sourdough starter recipe

        This sourdough starter recipe uses both stone-ground whole wheat flour as well as white flour.

        Instructions

        How to make a wheat sourdough starter

          Day 1

          • Use a medium sized plastic bowl with a lid to mix 30g stoneground organic whole wheat flour and 30g tepid spring water (35°C/95°F).
          • Try to use bottled or spring water as chlorinated tap water may impede the fermentation process. I tend to use a silicone scraper to mix the starter as it makes it really easy to wipe the inside surface of the bowl. Cover the bowl and keep at a warm temperature for about 24 hours. The ideal temperature for the wheat sourdough starter is 28°C/82°F.
          • I tend to use a silicone scraper to mix the starter as it makes it really easy to wipe the inside surface of the bowl.
          • Cover the bowl and keep at a warm temperature for about 24 hours. The ideal temperature for the wheat sourdough starter is 28°C/82°F.

          Day 2

          • Add 30g stoneground organic whole wheat flour and 30g tepid spring water (35°C/95°F) into the bowl which contains the 60g starter mixture from Day 1.
          • Cover and keep at a warm temperature for 24 hours.

          Day 3

          • Add 30g stoneground organic whole wheat flour and 15g tepid spring water (35°C/95°F) into the bowl which now contains 120g whole wheat starter mixture from Day 1 and 2.
          • This time, you add slightly less water to tighten the dough consistency.
          • Cover and keep at a warm temperature for 24 hours. At this point, you may already start to see signs of the starter fermenting i.e. small bubbles may be visible.

          Day 4

          • 90g strong organic white flour
          • 45g tepid spring water (35°C/95°F)
          • Add the above ingredients into the bowl which now contains 165g starter mixture from Day 1, 2 and 3. Cover and keep at a warm temperature for 24 hours.

          Day 5

          • You should now have an active wheat sourdough starter that has bubbled up overnight, slightly subsided again and smells fruity and / or acidic.
          • You're ready to start using your sourdough starter for wheat sourdough bread baking.

          The next step therefore is to use your sourdough starter for baking. Here is a simple recipe to get you started: basic white sourdough loaf. And here you can find out more about storing your sourdough starter.

          Wheat sourdough starter
          Wheat sourdough starter

          Please leave a comment with any questions, happy to help with any sourdough troubleshooting.

          And please note: Your wheat sourdough starter will behave differently to your rye sourdough starter. It will lead to a production sourdough three times its size while the rye sourdough starter leads to a production sourdough ten times its size. Your wheat production leaven will fully ferment in only four hours while the rye sourdough leaven will take longer.

          Easy sourdough bread recipe

           

          I’ve recently realised that most of my sourdough recipes are not entirely suitable for those starting out in sourdough baking. Many of my recipes involve more than ten ingredients and certain enhancing dough elements (such as seed soakers) which may discourage budding sourdough bakers. This is why I’m posting an easy sourdough bread recipe based on only three ingredients (flour, water and salt), perfect for those setting out on their slow fermentation journey.

          Easy basic sourdough loaf
          Basic sourdough loaf with a beautiful pattern from the rattan proving basket

          The easy sourdough bread recipe below will produce a loaf at 67% hydration which means that the amount of liquid (water in this instance) is 67% when calculated based on the amount of flour.

          Dough hydration calculation

          • 15g flour in the sourdough starter + 50g wholemeal flour + 400g strong white flour + 50g dark rye flour = 515g flour in total
          • 15g water in the sourdough starter + 50g water to refresh the starter + 280g water in the final dough = 345g water in total
          • 345g water / 515g flour = 67% dough hydration

          For best results in terms of final bread aesthetics, I recommend using a Dutch oven or baking dome.

          Sourdough bread
          Sourdough bread

          Easy sourdough recipe

          Ingredients

          Sourdough

          Main dough

          • 400g strong white bread flour
          • 50g rye flour
          • 280g water
          • 11g salt

          Dusting

          • Some extra flour (I use rice flour)

          How to make sourdough bread

          1. Combine the sourdough ingredients in a medium bowl, cover and set aside at room temperature for 16 – 24 hours.
          2. On the second day, combine all main dough ingredients with 100g of the refreshed sourdough starter (the rest should be set aside for your next bake) in a large bowl.
          3. Knead for at least 10 minutes until you have formed an elastic and smooth dough. The dough will be slightly sticky, so work with your dough scraper to make things easier.
          4. Shape into a ball and place back into the bowl.
          5. Cover and leave to rest for about an hour at room temperature.
          6. Deflate the dough and give it another quick knead on your work surface.
          7. Shape into a boule, cover with flour and place into lightly floured proving basket.
          8. Cover with a polythene bag to protect the moisture and prove at room temperature. For me, in my Edinburgh kitchen, this process takes a good 6 or 7 hours. However, if your kitchen is warmer, the process may be much shorter, perhaps only 2 hours or so.
          9. Preheat the oven to 220°C and preheat your baking dome or Dutch oven at the same time.
          10. Turn out the loaf onto the baking dome or Dutch oven (or otherwise a baking stone or baking tray lined with baking paper).
          11. Score the top with a pattern of your choice. Use a scoring knife for best results.
          12. Bake at 220°C for 10 minutes and at 200°C for a further 40 minutes.
          13. Take off the lid of your baking dome or Dutch oven for the last 5 minutes if using to firm up the crust.
          14. Cool on a wire rack.
          15. Enjoy an amazing loaf of sourdough bread 🙂

          Best Sourdough Recipes (Top 10)

           

          In celebration of #RealBreadWeek 2016, I would like to share my top 10 sourdough recipes.

          Best sourdough recipes for Real Bread Week

          Real Bread Week is an annual event by the Real Bread Campaign celebrating real bread and its makers. While real bread can be leavened with commercial yeast or sourdough starter, I’d like to dedicate this real bread tribute to sourdough loaves specifically. Slow-fermented loaves of sourdough bread, using naturally-occurring lactobacilli and yeasts, are my favourite.

          Top 10 sourdough bread recipes

          1. Pain de Campagne
            Made from a combination of white, wholemeal and rye flour, pain de campagne is a wonderful loaf of sourdough with a chewy crumb and rustic crust.

            Pain de campagne sourdough
            Pain de campagne, one of the best sourdough recipes I use on a weekly basis
          2. Sourdough Wholewheat Pita Bread
            A perfect choice for all your Middle Eastern salads, meat dishes and dips.

            Wholemeal sourdough pita breads
            Wholemeal sourdough pita breads
          3. Black Treacle Sourdough
            Distinctively dark, intensely rich and distinctively bitter-sweet, this black treacle sourdough bread tastes great with smoked salmon, cream cheese and dill pickled cucumber.

            Black treacle bread slice
            Black treacle sourdough bread
          4. German Sunflower Seed Sourdough
            A delicious loaf of rye-based bread infused with the nutty flavours of dry-roasted sunflower seeds.

            German sunflower seed sourdough bread
            German sunflower seed sourdough bread
          5. German Pumpernickel
            Authentic German pumpernickel, a very rich and heavy bread, made from whole rye berries and cracked rye and baked for 14 hours at a low heat.

            Pumpernickel Slice
            Juicy slice of Pumpernickel sourdough
          6. Danish Seeded Rye Sourdough
            A seeded sourdough option, using sunflower seeds, flax seeds, oats and cracked rye.

            Danish malted rye bread
            Danish malted rye sourdough bread
          7. 100% Rye Sourdough
            A nostalgic craving for all-rye breads is why I started baking bread. These sticky rye doughs will reward with superb moisture and flavour.

            100% rye bread cheese tomatoes
            100% rye bread based on sourdough fermentation
          8. 100%  Wholemeal Spelt Sourdough
            A wonderful recipe for those fond of spelt – light, highly nutritious with an appealing nutty flavour.

            Spelt sourdough bread slices
            100% spelt sourdough bread
          9. Rhubarb Sourdough
            Not sure what to do with all that rhubarb? Use stewed rhubarb as the liquid in your dough instead of water.

            Stewed rhubarb bread
            Stewed rhubarb sourdough bread
          10. Seaweed Sourdough
            Add seaweed to your breads. This seaweed sourdough recipe provides a great way of integrating seaweed into your daily diet.

            Seaweed (dulse) sourdough
            Seaweed sourdough loaf

           

           

           

          Rhubarb bread recipe

           

          It’s rhubarb time and this year I’m lucky to have my own rhubarb plant in a newly acquired allotment.

          Rhubarb plant in allotment
          The magnificent rhubarb plant in my allotment

          Over the last few weeks I’ve been blessed with plenty of rhubarb – I harvest every weekend and it keeps on coming 🙂 Therefore, all desserts and sweet bakes of late have revolved around these juicy rhubarb stalks. Stewed rhubarb with ice cream, rhubarb and almond cake, rhubarb posset, rhubarb and custard pies, chocolate rhubarb brownies. You name it, I’ve made it.

          Last weekend, I baked my first rhubarb sourdough bread, using stewed rhubarb as the liquid instead of water. Thank you for the inspiration, Virtuous Bread!

          Baking stewed rhubarb bread is a great way of incorporating rhubarb into your daily diet without eating a lot of sugar at the same time. My rhubarb bread recipe is based on a combination of rye and wheat flours. I added a little bit of sugar to balance the bitter rhubarb flavours with the dark, rich sweetness of muscovado sugar.

          Stewed rhubarb bread
          Stewed rhubarb bread

          Rhubarb bread recipe

          Ingredients

          Sourdough

          • 10g starter
          • 140g white rye flour
          • 110g water

          Stewed Rhubarb

          • 300g rhubarb, cut into 1cm pieces
          • 25g dark muscovado sugar
          • 45g water

          Main Dough

          • 360g strong white flour
          • 7g salt

          How to bake rhubarb bread

          1. Prepare the sourdough by combining the ingredients in a medium bowl
          2. Cover and keep at room temperature for 16 – 24 hours.
          3. Stew the rhubarb in a small pot over a low flame. This should take approx. 10 minutes. Set aside to cool for a little bit.
          4. Once cooled, combine 250g sourdough (the remaining 10g goes back into the fridge) with the stewed rhubarb (approx. 290g) and the main dough ingredients.
          5. Knead for 10 minutes.
          6. Place the dough back into the bowl, cover and rest for an hour or two.
          7. Punch back the dough, then place in a lightly oiled baking tin.
          8. Proof for several hours until almost doubled in size. Alternatively, cover it in a polythene bag and slow-proof in the fridge overnight.
          9. Bring back to room temperature if you do so, then bake at 220°C for 10 minutes, then at 200°C for another 45 minutes.

           

          Black treacle bread recipe

           

          On my latest visit to Dublin, I tasted a delicious loaf of Irish treacle bread. Dark, heavy and deliciously earthy. However, it was of course a soda bread and when I returned home, I decided to make a sourdough version of the Irish black treacle bread. The black treacle bread recipe I developed uses cracked rye and rye flour to support the rich and aromatic flavours of the treacle.

          Black treacle bread slice
          Black treacle bread slice

          Before I jump into the recipe, I wanted to share a few facts about treacle. I was astounded when, at a conference in Powerscourt Hotel in Co. Wicklow, someone mentioned that Dublin was built around the largest natural treacle lake – a fake fact which was quickly dispelled by a quick Wikipedia check on the matter.

          Lyle's black treacle
          Britain’s black treacle brand Lyle’s

          What is black treacle?

          • Uncrystallised dark syrup, a byproduct of sugar cane refining, obtained from later boilings in the process
          • About 55% sucrose
          • Also known as dark molasses
          • Almost-black with an otherworldly, thick, viscous consistency (for any Star Trek fans here, it really reminds me of Armus in the episode “Skin of Evil”!)
          Armus Skin of Evil Star Trek
          Armus in “Skin of Evil”  – Star Trek

          Back to actual treacle… so why use treacle in baking?

          • Black treacle is rich in vitamins, minerals and iron
          • It adds a distinctively dark colour, intense and distinctive bitter-sweet burnt caramel flavour and moisture to baked dishes
          • When baking with dried fruits, black treacle accentuates the fruit flavour and adds a deep, rich note
          Black treacle bread
          Rye-based black treacle bread

          Black treacle bread recipe

          Treacle bread ingredients

          Sourdough

          • 50g rye sourdough starter
          • 150g wholemeal rye flour
          • 150g water

          Boiled rye grain soaker

          • 150g chopped rye grains
          • 150g boiling water
          • 5g salt

          Main dough

          • 500g wholemeal rye flour
          • 50g black treacle
          • 10g salt
          • 350g water, warm
          • Sunflower oil (for greasing the baking tin)

          Baking equipment I used for this recipe

           How to make black treacle bread

          1. Prepare the sourdough and boiled rye grain soaker by combining the respective ingredients in two separate bowls and mixing thoroughly. I use a silicone spatula to do this which works well.
          2. Cover the bowls with their lids and keep at room temperature for about 16 to 24 hours.
          3. On day 2, after the 16 to 24 hour wait, dissolve the black treacle in the warm water. Use a small bowl or pan to do so.
          4. Combine 300g of the sourdough (the rest goes back into the fridge for your next bake) and all of the rye grain soaker with the treacle water and the remaining dough ingredients (except the sunflower oil).
          5. Work the dough for a few minutes. You won’t be able to knead it but mix it well. Cover and rest for an hour or two.
          6. Give the dough another quick mix, then place in an oil-brushed baking tin (I use a dough scraper to help with this process). The dough should only fill about half the tin, giving it room to proof and rise to the top.
          7. Wrap a polythene bag around the loaf tin to prevent the dough from drying out.
          8. Proof for about 5 hours until almost doubled in size. Please note, the time required will depend on the room temperature. This process may happen more quickly if you live in warmer climes!
          9. Preheat the oven in time, then bake for 20 minutes at 240°C on the second lowest shelf, then at 200°C for another 50 minutes.
          10. Cool on a wire rack.