This is a recipe my aunt from Höhnhart, Upper Austria shared with me (thank you Berta :-)). Berta and I are connected by our passion for bread and while she has been a master for years, I’m just at the beginning of my bread journey!
This bread is super-delicious with just butter and cheese. Add carrots, celery and some chutney and you have a perfect afternoon snack!
If you are using fresh yeast, mix the yeast with 200g lukewarm water. (With dry yeast, simply add all ingredients together in one go.)
In a separate bowl, mix the flours and salt with a balloon whisk.
Add the dissolved yeast and water, olive oil and the mixed nuts to the flour bowl.
Use the dough hooks of your hand mixer and knead the dough until smooth. Alternatively, hand-knead for 5 minutes or so. I added a little bit more water to get the right hydration as the rye flour I used was very coarse.
Cover the bowl with a clean kitchen towel and leave to rest in a warm place for 45 minutes until the dough has doubled in size.
Preheat the oven to 180°C (gas mark 4).
Line a baking tray with baking paper.
Turn the dough out onto a clean work surface and knead for a minute.
Divide the dough into two parts.
Roll out each part to reach 25cm in length. You can work with a rolling pin or just work the dough into a round or oval shape with your hands.
I usually use jumbo oats when making granola but they also make a loaf of bread nice and wholesome.
Rolled oats are oat groats (hulled whole grains) that have been rolled into flakes, steamed and lightly toasted.
Note that the oats, although quite sizeable, will ‘disappear’ and completely blend into the finished loaf.
The day before baking
For the sourdough
160g wholewheat flour
200g spring water
3 tbsp wheat sourdough starter from the fridge
Mix the ingredients in a bowl and cover with cling film for 16 – 24 hours.
For the soaked rolled oats
80g rolled (jumbo) oats
220g boiling water
Toast the jumbo oats in a frying pan (no oil) for the nutty flavour to come out. Pour the boiling water over the oats and cover with cling film for 16 – 24 hours.
The day of baking
Sourdough (as above)
Soaked rolled oats (as above)
350g strong wheat flour
100g rye flour
180g water, lukewarm
4g dried yeast
How to make it
Add all ingredients in a large bowl to form the dough, then knead for 10 minutes on a clean surface.
Leave the dough to rest for 30 minutes; cover the dough ball with the bowl you used to mix the ingredients.
After 30 minutes, fold the dough like an envelope. First squeeze out the air of the slightly risen dough and shape into a rectangular shape. Fold all four corners into the middle, squeeze together, then around to repeat the process another two times.
Leave to rest for 30 minutes.
Rest for 30 minutes.
Rest for 1 hour.
Fold the dough into a round baton shape.
Place into a very well floured proving basket and cover with a kitchen towel. If you don’t have a proving basket, you can just flour your kitchen towel and wrap the dough up tightly.
Rest for 1 hour.
After 1/2 hour preheat the oven to 250°C and line a baking tray with baking paper.
Once the full hour is up (and the dough has doubled in size), carefully turn out the dough onto the baking tray.
Make a few incisions at the top for a good-looking crust and place the tray in the lower half of your oven.
Initially bake for 15 minutes at 250°C until the dough has browned well.
Then reduce the temperature to 180°C and bake for a further 35 minutes.
Make sure the bread is fully baked – it should sound hollow when you tap the base of the bread or in more scientific terms, the core temperature of the bread should have reached at least 93°C.
Leave to cool on a wire rack.
And here’s my husband’s review I asked him to write 🙂
“The bouncy texture and nutty aroma just scream out EAT ME! Love it with butter, a generous dollop of strawberry jam and a cup of tea to kick-start my mornings.”
Schusterlaberl (also Schusterloaberl or Schusterlaibchen) which translates as ‘shoemaker loaves’ are fragrant Austrian rye bread rolls and have always been a favourite of mine. The smell of these freshly baked rye rolls is mesmerising and brings back childhood memories of stepping into the village bakery (now unfortunately closed) in Gilgenberg.
Rye Bread Rolls Recipe (Schusterlaberl)
Full of nostalgic feelings, I’ve been trying to bring the delicious Schusterlaberl back to life in my own kitchen in Edinburgh. Here is my recipe for these unrivalled rye bread rolls. Admittedly, I still have to work on the roughness of the crust, but in terms of flavour and overall taste, I’m happy to say that I have succeeded to evoke the flavours of my childhood memories with the recipe below.
Schusterlaberl are made with both rye and wheat flour. Natural sourdough and yeast are used as leavening aids and spices such as ground coriander seeds, caraway seeds, fennel seeds, and anise seeds give the rolls their wholesome flavour. The rye rolls are characterised by their rustic look, crisp, their crunchy crust and chewy, dense centre.
Day 1 – Sourdough
20g sourdough starter
40g rye flour
40g white wheat flour
80g water, lukewarm
Combine the ingredients for your sourdough in a bowl, cover and leave to mature for approx. 16 hours at room temperature.
Day 2 – Main Dough
100g rye flour
325g white wheat flour
Approx. 250g water, lukewarm
15g malt extract
2g dry yeast
1/2 tbsp ground spices (caraway seeds, coriander seeds, fennel seeds, anise seeds – combine according to personal preference, I like to use a larger part of caraway seeds)
Extra rye flour for shaping
How to make the rye bread rolls (makes 12)
Mix the sourdough prepared the previous day with the other dough ingredients and knead for 15 minutes.
Shape into a ball and leave to rest for 2 hours (in a plastic bowl, covered) until doubled in size. You can also choose to slow-prove the dough in the fridge overnight.
Prepare a clean kitchen towel and dust well with flour.
Deflate the dough and turn it out onto a clean work surface.
Shape into a sausage, divide into 12 pieces (approx. 70 – 80g each) and form into a rough mini boule.
Cover with cling film and rest for 20 minutes to relax the dough.
Now we get to the process called ‘schleifen’ in Austrian baker speak.
Here is a great video to show how this is done – http://www.homebaking.at/wachauer-schleifen/
Make a small indent to the bottom side of each piece, dip the bottom side in rye flour and shape in circular movements inside your cupped hand on a clean linen towel.
Dip the bottom side in rye flour again and place each of the shaped rolls (rough bottom side down) on the kitchen towel and leave to prove.
Cover again with cling film/plastic (to prevent them from drying out) and leave to prove for approximately 40 minutes. Depending on the temperature in your room, this could take longer.
When still slightly underproved, place the dough rolls on a baking tray lined with baking paper (rough bottom side up this time). Leave enough space between the rolls – they should be at least 5 cm apart as they will rise some more and you don’t want them to touch. Leave to prove for another 20 minutes (or longer depending on the temperature in your room) to complete the proving process.
While the rolls are rising, preheat the oven to 220°C.
Place the baking tray in the oven on the middle rack.
Bake the rolls for approx. 20 minutes until golden brown.
Cool on a wire rack.
Schusterloaberl are best the day they are baked but can be frozen for later (first cool completely, then wrap well). Defrost, then warm through at 180°C for 5 to 10 minutes.
Rye flour is my favourite flour for bread baking. It produces breads with a rich and hearty taste, complex nutty flavours and a moist, dense and chewy texture. 100% pure rye breads are higher in fibre and lower in fat than wheat loaves and therefore have added health benefits. From a practical viewpoint, I also love the longevity of rye loaves. Here are my top four 100% rye bread recipes, all based on sourdough baking.
100% pure rye flour baking notes
There is one thing in all-rye bread baking I don’t enjoy – the sticky dough which is difficult to handle. However, the good thing is that rye gluten isn’t particularly strong and kneading is therefore not required.
For purist reasons, I prefer not to add colouring agents such as molasses, malt, treacle, caramel, coffee or cocoa to achieve that rich, dark colour associated with rye breads.
Having experimented with quite a few 100% rye bread recipes, my favourite loaves use sourdough, no commercial yeast. All recipes below are 100% rye sourdough loaves, without wheat flour. If you haven’t already got a rye sourdough starter, you can easily prepare one from scratch.
My top four 100% rye bread recipes
I use rye flour in most of my bread recipes, it adds great depth of flavour and taste. The following 100% rye bread recipes take this to the next level by using only rye flour.
The recipe I love most requires only four ingredients: rye sourdough starter, rye flour, water and salt. I usually add a bit of Brotgewürz as an optional addition as it enhances the flavour of the loaf.
Cover and keep at room temperature for approx. 16 – 24 hours.
Day 2 – Prepare Dough
In a large bowl, combine 440g of yesterday’s sourdough mixture (keep the remaining sourdough for your next bake), 260g rye flour, 200g lukewarm water and 7g salt (plus 1 large tbsp of Brotgewürz if you like).
Mix thoroughly, place the dough back into the bowl, cover and rest for approx. 30 minutes.
Transfer the dough from the bowl to the tin. This is best done with wet hands and dough scraper. Distribute evenly.
Sprinkle a little rye flour on top, then place the lid on the tin.
Place the tin in the fridge overnight.
Day 3 – Bake
Take the tin out of the fridge and preheat the oven to 240°C.
The dough should have risen considerably – if the dough half-filled the tin on day 2, it should now be close to the top.
Bake at 240°C for 10 minutes, then turn the heat down to 220°C and bake for another 45 minutes or so. If in any doubt, give it a little longer in the oven – rye loaves hold a lot of water.
Cool on a wire rack.
Once completely cooled, wrap in cling film and leave to rest for a day. The flavour of the loaf will develop further in that time and the crumb will improve.
Rye Bread Recipe #2: Dan Lepard’s Sour 100% Rye Bread
Another one of my all-time favourites, this 100% rye bread recipe uses a rye sourdough starter, fine rye flour and a clever gelatinised rye mix (made by mixing boiling water and rye flour) to aid the elasticity of the crumb. It’s a recipe from the book The Handmade Loaf: The Best European and Artisan Recipes for Homemade Bread by Dan Lepard. I ususally add caraway seeds or coriander seeds for extra flavour. Here are the recipe and my baking notes.
Day 1 – Prepare Gelatinised Rye Mix & Sourdough
Prepare a medium bowl and weigh in 60g fine white rye flour. Boil 240g water and cool it to 90°C (I use a Thermapen to check this). Add the water to the bowl and whisk it in. Try to avoid too many lumps by whisking quickly and vigorously. Cover the bowl and leave for 16 – 24 hours (same as the sourdough below).
In another bowl, combine 50g rye sourdough starter with 100g dark rye flour and 100g water. Mix well, then cover and set aside at room temperature for 16 – 24 hours.
Day 2 – Main Dough
In a large bowl, combine 50g cold water with 200g rye sourdough (the rest goes back into the fridge for your next bake). Whisk together.
Add all but 2 tbsp of the gelatinised rye mix into the bowl and whisk in.
Add 300g fine white rye flour, 7g salt and a tbsp of rapeseed oil and mix well. I use a silicone spatula to do this and avoid getting stuck in with my hands – it’s a soft sticky dough.
Prepare a loaf tin (the one I use is 15.2 x 10.2 x 12.7 cm), spread a tbsp of caraway or coriander seeds at the bottom, then – with wet hands – take the dough and put it into the tin. Even out the top and spread the gelatinised rye mix over the top.
Cover with a polythene bag and put into the fridge for 16 – 24 hours.
Day 3 – Bake
Take out the loaf tin from the fridge, the dough will have almost doubled in size.
Preheat the oven to 220°C.
Bake for 50 minutes.
Leave to cool on a wire rack.
Once cold, wrap in kitchen baking parchment, tie well with string and leave for a day before slicing.
The bread tastes great with smoked fish, smoked meats with horseradish or root vegetable soups.
Rye Bread Recipe #3: German-Style Pure 100% Rye Bread Recipe
I bake this 100% rye bread recipe almost every week. It uses an old bread soaker which is popular in German sourdough bread baking.
Day 1 morning – Prepare Sourdough
10g sourdough starter
140g fine rye flour
Combine ingredients in a bowl, cover and keep at room temperature for 16 – 24 hours.
Day 2 morning – Enhance Sourdough
260g sourdough from the day before
200g fine rye flour
Combine ingredients in a bowl, cover and keep at room temperature for 3 hours.
Day 2 morning – Prepare Old Bread Soaker
50g old stale bread (preferably dark sourdough bread)
Soak old bread in a small bowl for 3 hours, then puree with a stick blender.
This is a technique commonly used in German-style bread baking and adds great flavour.
Day 2 afternoon – Prepare Main Dough
610g sourdough (as prepared in the above steps, the remaining 10g of sourdough go back into the fridge for your next bake)
325g dark rye flour
250g fine rye flour
150g pureed bread soaker (as per the above)
2 tbsp fennel or coriander seeds (optional)
Combine the ingredients and mix well.
Place the dough in a bowl, cover and keep at room temperature for approx. 30 minutes.
Butter a large heavy-duty loaf tin (I used a Pullman loaf tin, 33 cm long, 10 cm wide) and sprinkle some crushed fennel or coriander seeds onto the bottom of the pan (these will infuse the bread during baking).
Move the dough from the bowl into the loaf tin and distribute it evenly (best done with wet hands).
Cover the loaf tin with a lid if you are using the Pullman loaf tin. If you don’t have a lid for the loaf tin, place the tin into a polythene plastic bag. Covering it is important to prevent the dough from drying out during the final proof.
Place the covered loaf tin in the fridge overnight – approximately 10 to 12 hours.
Day 3 – Bake
Take the loaf tin out of the fridge. The dough should have visibly risen.
Preheat the oven to 200°C.
Once the oven is preheated, bake for 65 minutes. If you are using a Pullman loaf tin, leave the lid on during the bake. If you are not using a Pullman loaf tin, you can bake the bread without a lid. Leaving the lid on will keep the bread moister but you will be able to achieve great results without the lid as well.
If using a lidded loaf tin, take the lid off for the last 10 minutes of the baking time, to help brown the top crust.
Cool on a wire rack.
Rye Bread Recipe #4: Traditional German 100% Rye Pumpernickel
Finally, taking pure 100% rye bread recipes and baking one step further, try my traditional German pumpernickel recipe, using rye grains and cracked rye instead of flour.
Very proud of my first sourdough bread which I baked with my own starter. I followed the instructions of this Sourdough Companion post and after eight days of regular feeding, my sourdough starter became ‘active’ (it doubled in size within 24 hours) and was therefore ready for baking.
Vinschgerl (also sometimes Vintschgerl) are rustic palm-sized flatbreads which originate in South Tyrol. Blue fenugreek (Brotklee, Schabziger Klee, trigonella caerulea) adds a very distinctive, slightly spicy flavour to these delicious breads and the flat shape ensures that there is a lot of surface for the strong crust to form.
1 tsp fennel seeds, crushed with pestle and mortar
1 tsp coriander seeds, crushed with pestle and mortar
How to make Vinschgerl
Mix the wet ingredients (water, honey, yoghurt) in a small bowl.
In a large bowl mix the flours, sourdough extract, yeast, salt, blue fenugreek and the crushed seeds together.
Add the wet ingredients to form the dough (using your hands for this will be easiest). The dough should be quite soft and gooey due to the high rye content. Add some more water if necessary but don’t add any more flour.
Leave to rise in a warm place for up to 6 hours. The dough will have a less sticky, ‘cleaner’ consistency after this long rest and you will be able to shape it into a rectangle (approx. 2 cm high) on a clean work surface. If it’s still too soft, just shape it into a rectangle with wettish hands.
Take a knife to divide the dough into 12 smaller rectangular pieces.
Put the pieces onto two separate pieces of baking parchment (6 each). Place two pieces each right next to each other – this is the traditional way of baking them.
Carefully dust or rub the surface of the dough pieces with a little rye flour, then cover with a clean, dry kitchen towel. (This will make the delicious cracks in your Vinschgerl more visible.)
Leave to rise in a warm place for another 1 – 2 hours.
½ hour before baking – preheat the oven to 220°C (Gas 6).
Having been home in Austria for Christmas, I brought back a big pack of shelled walnuts from the trees in my parents’ garden. A good time to experiment with walnut bread! Try my walnut bread recipe below – a sourdough walnut loaf using white wheat and wholegrain rye flour.
My walnut bread is a slightly sweet bread and as such makes a great accompaniment to cheese boards with grapes, apricots or figs.
Walnut Bread Recipe – In Four Variations
Walnuts are super versatile and can be incorporated into bread in various different ways. Although the main walnut bread recipe remains the same, have a look through the walnut preparation options below to pick your favourite before starting.
50g rye sourdough starter
100g wholegrain rye flour
350g strong white flour
50g wholegrain rye flour
190g water, lukewarm, if using the walnut paste (described below) OR
260g water, lukewarm, for the other variations (as below)
1 tbsp walnut oil (optional)
200g walnuts in either of the below variations (e.g. 100g lightly crushed walnuts, 100g walnut paste or 200g caramelised walnuts). Lightly crushing your walnut halves with a rolling pin makes it easier for the oils to be released into the dough.
Four different ways of preparing the walnuts –
Finely chop fresh rosemary leaves, you need 1 tbsp. Dry-roast 200g walnuts in a frying pan (i.e. without any oil). Add the finely chopped rosemary and 2 tbsp of honey and caramelise the walnuts. Be careful not to burn them. Let them cool on a plate.
Mixed nuts with rum
From the book Rustikale Brote aus deutschen Landen by Gerhard Kellner.
For this recipe, you need 100g of walnut halves, lightly crushed, as well as 100g hazelnuts.
Dry-roast the hazelnuts in a frying pan (no oil). Pour over 35ml of lukewarm water once finished roasting. In a separate pan, dry-roast the walnuts and cover with 3 tbsp of rum.
Leave to soak overnight and drain any excess liquid.
Walnuts soaked in milk
Heat some milk until boiling – you’ll need enough to cover 200g walnuts in a small bowl. Cover the walnuts with boiling milk and leave to cool.
Once cooled, drain any excess liquid.
As per Dan Lepard’s book ‘The Handmade Loaf’.
Make 100g walnut paste and also add 100g of halved or crushed walnuts into your final dough.
For the paste, you need 50g of walnuts, 50g of water, 2 tbsp of honey, 20g melted butter (lightly browned) and a pinch of salt.
Place all ingredients into the bowl of your hand blender and blend until you have a soft, smooth paste.
How to make walnut bread
Combine the sourdough ingredients in a medium bowl, cover and leave to rest at room temperature for 16 to 24 hours.
Combine 200g of sourdough (the rest goes back into the fridge for your next bake) with the main dough ingredients and walnut paste if using, but don’t add the whole walnuts at this point.
Knead the dough for about 10 minutes.
Shape into a ball, place in a lightly floured bowl, cover and keep at room temperature for an hour or so. The dough should have visibly expanded during this time.
Turn the dough out onto a floured surface.
Use your fingers to flatten the dough and sprinkle the (lightly crushed, caramelised or soaked) walnuts over the surface.
Work the dough to distribute the nuts evenly.
Shape the dough into a round and place into a pre-floured proofing basket.
Leave to rise for several hours at room temperature until fully proofed.
Looking for a bread recipe full of wholesome goodness? This loaf of brown seeded wholemeal bread is bursting with healthy seeds and kernels. Great for using up the various bits and pieces you might have waiting in your store cupboard!
Combine these ingredients in a medium bowl, cover and keep at room temperature for approx. 16 hours.
40g flax seeds (golden or brown)
Combine in a small bowl and cover for approx. 16 hours.
Day 2 – Prepare the toasted seeds & dough
Prepare the toasted seed mix
3 tbsp sunflower seeds
3 tbsp pumpkin seeds
2 tbsp sesame seeds
You can replace some of the above and mix in some rolled oats or poppy seeds or even some chopped nuts, whatever you have available or feel like.
Place the seeds in a frying pan (no oil!) and toast the mixed seeds for about 10 minutes, stirring frequently, then leave to cool. (Alternatively, you can toast the seed mix in the oven at 150°C).
Prepare the main dough
300g sourdough from day 1
Flaxseed soaker from day 1
Toasted seed mix (as per the above)
600g wholemeal flour (wheat or spelt)
Combine the sourdough, flaxseed soaker, wholemeal flour, water and salt in a large bowl, then knead for 10 minutes. It’s important to get the consistency of the dough right, so make sure it’s not too dry and not too wet. Add some more water if the dough is hard to knead. If in doubt – wetter is better!
Add in the toasted seed mix until evenly distributed.
Cover and leave to rest in a warm place for ½ hour.
Butter a lidded pullman loaf tin, then move the dough from the bowl into the tin. Squash the dough in quite firmly and evenly.
Cover the tin with the lid and place in the fridge overnight or approx. 12 – 16 hours.
Day 3 – Bake
Take the pullman loaf tin out of the fridge and preheat the oven to 190°C for 20 minutes.
Brush the top of the dough with water and sprinkle some more sunflower seeds on top.
Bake at 190°C for 1 hour. Remove the bread from the tin approx. 15 minutes before the hour is up and put back into the oven – the bread will get a much better crust that way.
Remove from the loaf pan, wrap in a clean kitchen towel and leave to cool on a wire rack.
At home in Austria for the week, I was keen to bake some traditional Austrian Schwarzbrot (black bread) with my family. It was a good team effort! My grandmother provided the recipe for Hausbrot, my mum prepared the rye sourdough and got the various ingredients ready and I did the dough work.
There are many different recipes for Austrian Hausbrot (‘bread of the house’) but all of them have the following ingredients in common –
A variety of flours whereby rye flour is always used but usually mixed with wheat or spelt flour
Typically, proving baskets/bannetons (called Simperl or Gärkörbchen in German) made of cane or rattan are used to rest and prove the bread and mould its final shape. These bread baskets come in round or oval shapes and different sizes. Proving baskets are perfect for soft and loose doughs and give your bread loaves uniform-ish shapes.
Hausbrot Austrian Schwarzbrot Recipe
A true taste of Austria, try this Austrian bread recipe (my grandmother’s authentic family recipe) with a creamy Austrian potato soup or hearty Goulash soup.
Prepare the sourdough and preferment in two separate bowls and cover. Keep at room temperature for about 16-24 hours.
Combine 500g of the sourdough (the rest goes back into the fridge for your next bake), the preferment, plain flour, rye flour, salt, yeast, fennel seeds and Austrian bread spices to make a soft dough.
Knead for approx. 10 minutes. The dough will be quite sticky due to the high rye flour content in this recipe but should be manageable.
Shape the dough into a ball and place it into a bowl, cover and keep at room temperature until it has doubled in size (approximately 1 to 2 hours depending on the temperature of the room).
Prepare the proving basket by lightly dusting it with flour. If you don’t have such bread baskets to hand, you can also use a bowl lined with a kitchen towel and flour. This technique will support the shape of the dough and will ultimately avoid that the dough flattens when it expands.
Give the dough another quick knead and form a loaf.
Cover the dough surface with flour (I tend to do this on a floured work surface and with floury hands) and place it in the proving basket.
Leave to rest for another 2 hours or so for the bread’s final prove. Again, this may take longer depending on your room temperature.
20 minutes before baking, preheat the oven to 250°C. If you have a La Cloche baking dome, preheat this in the oven from cold at the same time. If you don’t have a baking dome, preheat a baking tray.
Turn out the loaf from the proving basket onto the hot baking dome plate or baking tray (line the tray with baking parchment first).